THE

HISTORY OF MUSIC LIBRARY

 

The Art of Music

A Comprehensive Library of Information for Music Lovers and Musicians From the origins of Music to the end of the first decade of the Twentieth Century

In Fourteen Volumes

 

 

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Book I: The Pre-Classic Periods Book II: Classicism and Romanticism.
Book III: Modern Music. Book IV: Music in America.
Book V: The Voice and Vocal Music. Book VI: Choral and Church Music
Book VII: Pianoforte and Chamber Music. Book VIII: The Orchestra and Orchestral Music.
Book IX: The Opera Book X: The Dance.
Book XI: Dictionary of Musicians and General Index. Book XII: Dictionary of Musicians and General Index.
Book XIII: Musical Examples. Book XIV: Modern Musical Examples.

King Rene and his Musical Court (From the Breviary of King René, a 15th century manuscript in the Bibliothique de l'Arsenal)
THE HISTORY OF MUSIC (art and Science) FROM THE EARLIEST RECORDS TO THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
W. CHAPPELL
THE EGYPTIANS
 
THE GREEKS
 

4.-Stories about Pythagoras.—The Monochord and the Pandura.—The seven and the eight-stringed lyres.—The difference between a Greek one-octave and a two-octave scale.—Difficulties in classical Greek writers explained.

5.-Greek figure of speech "adding a string to the lyre."—Ion's addition of a tetrachord to the earlier system.—The Lesser System Complete.—The Greater System Complete.—Greek Modes and their attributed characters.—Principal modes for the voice.—Fifteen modes.—Harmony of the universe four Octaves and a Sixth.—Pythagorean system of the planets revolving round the sun.—The musical theory.—The doctrine of making the earth a fixed plain in the centre of the universe invented six centuries after the true Egyptian teaching of Pythagoras.

6.- singing.—Its high pitch lowered by Claudius Ptolemy.—Greek-written music and plan of tuning the lyre.—Greek Chromatic scale had neither Fourth nor Seventh.—Enharmonic scale.—The scale of Olympus, or Common Genus.—The Chroai, or varied tunings of scales.— The six peculiar scales, called "very ancient" by Aristides Quintillianus

7.-Greek Harmony.—Fetis's professed solution.—A passage in Plato re-considered.—Music in Greek education.—Practice of discords mixed with concords—Horace.—Seneca's description of music in an amphitheatre.—Cicero on harmony.—The modern controversy about ancient harmony.

8.-Three Greek hymns with music.—Assistance to learning rendered by illustrious Oxonians.—The three hymns the only trustworthy remains of Greek music.—Not duly represented hitherto.—Reasons given.—Now published in modern notation.

BASIS OF THE SCIENCE OF MUSIC
 
 
THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE ANCIENTS
 

10.- Difficulties of the subject.- Athenaeus’s incorrect account about the Hydraulic Organ—General names.— Magadis.— Sambuca.— Buxus.— Wind instruments.— Syrinx, or Pandean Pipe.— Pandura.— The Double Reed or Hautboy principle.— The Bassoon and Comet, or Como Inglese.— The Gingras.— The Bombos. —Roman Haut-boy-player.— Second principle: the Single Beed Clarionet.— The Shawm, or Chalumeau.— A Pythian game of Apollo and the Python.— Pythauli.— Chorauli.— The Box for Reeds.— Many materials for Pipes, and their names from countries and from special purposes.— Length of Arabian Pipes proverbial.— Egyptian Pipes many notes.— The Bombyx.— Third principle : the Pipe blown at the end.— The old English Flute and the Flageolet.— The Organ Diapason.— The Egyptian Pipe and Greek Monaulos and Kalamaulos.— Fourth principle : the present Flute.— The Photinx and Plagiaulos.— Egyptian Flute.— Phrygian and Berecynthian Pipes with homs at the end.— Elymos.— Scytalia.— Competitions of Pipers.— The muzzles round their mouths.— Bagpipe.— Fifth principle : the free Reed or Harmonium principle derived from China.— Sixth principle : Trumpets and Horns— Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman.

 

11.-Instruments of Percussion.—The Egyptian Sistrum.—Drum.— Dulcimers. — Timbrels or Tambourines. — Three kinds of Cymbals. — Oxubaphoi. — Lekidoi. — Acetabula. — Krotala. — Krembala or Castanets.

 
STRINGED INSTRUMENTS
 
 
ORGANS
 

13- Why the Hydraulic Organ was an enigma to lookers-on.— Invented in the third century B.C.— Athenaeus’s error as to the date.— Heron first describes it.— Vitruvius and his commentators.— The light touch of the Organ.— Burney and Hawkins give up the attempt to understand the Hydraulic Organ.— The supposed difficulties explained.— An application of the power of water no longer in use.— Why the water was supposed to be boiling.— A condensing syringe used for bellows.— Heron’s description translated.— Vitruvius paraphrased.— Organs of 8 stops in use b.C.— Use of hollow vessels to reproduce tone in theatres.— Competitions of organists and their medals.— Two Latin idioms.— Verses to represent organ pipes.— Antiquity of the Pneumatic Organ.— Ancient bellows.— Organs on the Obelisk of Theodosius.—Julian’s epigram, and other notices.

 

 

 

 

The

Story of the Harp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE OF NICOLO PAGANINI,

WITH AN

Analysis of his Compositions,

AND A SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF THE VIOLIN.

BY

F. J. Fétis.

 

 

PDF collection

THE OXFORD HISTORY OF MUSIC

 

INTRODUCTORY VOLUME

 

VOL. I

THE POLYPHONIC PERIOD. Part I METHOD OF MUSICAL ART, 330-1330

 

 

VOL. I. THE POLYPHONIC PERIOD.

 

VOL II. METHOD OF MUSICAL ART, 1330-1600

 

VOL. III. THE MUSIC OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY

 

VOL. IV. THE AGE OF BACH & HANDEL

 

VOL. V. THE VIENNESE PERIOD

 

VOL VII. SYMPHONY AND DRAMA

 

THE AMERICAN HISTORY AND ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MUSIC

 

 

VOL- 1. MUSICAL DICTIONARY

 

VOL- 2. MUSICAL BIOGRAPHIES. PART ONE

 

VOL- 3. MUSICAL BIOGRAPHIES. PART TWO

 

VOL. 4. HISTORY OF AMERICAN MUSIC

 

VOL. 5. HISTORY OF FOREIGN MUSIC

 

VOL. 6. OPERAS. PART ONE

 

VOL. 7. OPERAS. PART TWO

 

VOL. 8. ORATORIOS AND MASSES

 

VOL. 9. THEORY OF MUSIC

 

VOL. 10. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

 

VOL. 11. ESSENTIALS OF MUSIC. PART ONE

 

VOL. 12. ESSENTIALS OF MUSIC. PART TWO

 

 

 

THE PRIVATE LIFE OF THE GREAT COMPOSERS

Beethoven Mozart Haydn Bach Handel Gluck Mendelssohn Chopin Schubert Liszt Rossini Schumann Donizetti Meyerbeer Wagner

 

 

THE HEART OF MUSIC _- THE STORY OF THE VIOLIN

 

 

THE STORY OF THE ORGAN MUSIC

 

David's Harp in Song and Story

 

 

THE STORY OF ORATORIO

 

 

THE STORY OF CHAMBER MUSIC

 

 

MUSIC IN THE HISTORY OF THE WESTERN CHURCH

 

marble statue of a Satyr with cymbals (British Museum)