READING HALL "THIRD MILLENNIUM LIBRARY"

A PROTESTANT MANIFESTO

 

WINFRED ERNEST GARRISON

 

I.- DEFINING PROTESTANTISM

II.-PROTESTANTISM AFFIRMS

III.-ORIGIN AND VARIETIES OF PROTESTANTISM

IV.-COMMON TO ALL GREAT RELIGIONS

V.-COMMON TO ALL CHRISTIANS

VI.-DISTINCTIVELY PROTESTANT

VII.-CHERISHED VALUES AND WAYS

VIII.-ALIEN TO PROTESTANT SPIRIT

IX.-PROTESTANTISM DENIES

X.-PROTESTANTISM’S WORD TO THE MODERN WORLD

 

Foreword

 

THIS book is not, and does not include, a “Protestant creed.” Neither I nor anyone else, nor any church assembly, is competent to produce a formula of doctrine full enough to be called a creed and to declare that this is what all Protestants must believe, or even what they ought to believe.

 

But even a modest observer—who has also been a lifelong participant in a small way—may, without unseemly presumption, set forth some of the most important things that Protestants in general do believe. Such a statement is descriptive, not normative.

 

The purpose of this book, then, is to state in clear and simple terms the basic convictions of those Christians and Christian communions that call themselves Protestant. Within this total company there are wide differences of attitude, belief, and practice. Any description or discussion of the characteristics which distinguish the various kinds of Protestants from one another is therefore incidental to the main purpose. One must go to other books for full information as to the specific and distinguishing positions of the different Protestant groups.

 

There will be, of necessity, frequent references to the existence of differences. One of the most obvious facts about Protestantism as a whole is that it is not a whole. It is divided, and the understanding of its position would not be served by ignoring this feature which leaps to the eye of even the most casual observer. But what the casual observer often fails to observe is that the diverse and divided Protestant groups have a very solid body of agreements. This body of agreements may be overlooked, also, by many who are deeply committed to some particular part of the Protestant cause or professionally devoted to its advancement. If this book does not tell these experts anything that they do not already know, it may remind them of the validity of an emphasis which in their preoccupation with specific denominational loyalties and responsibilities they may occasionally forget.

 

One of the aims of this book is to make more evident the degree of unity that now exists among Protestants. In my opinion the present degree of unity is not enough. No argument on that point is proposed. But certainly no controversy will be provoked by saying that the degree of unity which actually exists, however large or small, adequate or inadequate, ought to be recognized and utilized so far as it can be.

 

It will be seen at once that one of the basic ideas of this book is that Protestantism cannot be adequately described or evaluated by paying attention only to those things which are distinctive of it. The spiritual resources of any form of religion would be thin, meager, and of shallow rootage if it had no share in anything that other forms of religion also have. The content of Protestantism includes some things that are distinctively its own, but also some precious and indispensable possessions which it holds in common with other forms of Christianity, and some that it shares with the great non-Christian religions. The attempt, therefore, has been to state the content of Protestantism comprehensively and inclusively in this respect, even if simply, briefly, and without too much elaboration of detail.

If “Manifesto” in the title seems a somewhat pretentious word, I would like to forestall that criticism by saying at once that it is used in a free and loose sense and with no implications of authority. The title was suggested by my ever helpful friend Dr. Nolan B. Harmon, whose advice and assistance at many points have been so valuable that I could not lightly disregard his recommendation in this matter. We are both aware that the dictionary definition of the word suggests that a manifesto is usually issued either by a “person claiming large powers” or as “a statement of policy or opinion, issued by an organization, party, or school.” The book meets none of these specifications. It would be impossible for any person or organization to put forth what would be in this strict sense a Protestant manifesto. On the other hand, while no one can speak officially for the whole of Protestantism, anyone who thinks he knows the facts may speak unofficially. The concurring opinions of several persons whose judgment is widely respected fortify me in the belief that, for substance of doctrine, this is a true statement of the common loyalties, convictions, and attitudes of Protestants. This is all that I mean by “Manifesto.”

 

Winfred Ernest Garrison

 

 

CHAPTER I

DEFINING PROTESTANTISM

 

BOSSUET.-History Of The Variations Of Protestant Churches Schismatics V1

BOSSUET.-History Of The Variations Of Protestant Churches Schismatics V2

T. B. LINDSAY.- A History of the Reformation V1

T. B. LINDSAY.- A History of the Reformation V2

C.T. CRUTTWELL.-A Literary History Of Early Christianity V1

C.T. CRUTTWELL.-A Literary History Of Early Christianity V2

R. SEEBERG.- History of doctrines in the middle and modern ages.

v1. History of doctrines in the ancient church

2. History of doctrines in the middle and modern ages

H. WATKINJONES.- The Holy Spirit in the mediaeval church; a study of Christian teaching concerning the Holy Spirit and His place in the Trinity from the post-patristic age to the counter-reformation

LOUISE SEYMOUR.-Handbook of French and Belgian Protestantism, 1559-1562

J. BALMEZ.- European civilisation : protestantism and catholicity compared

J. DILLENBERGER. Protestant Christianity Interpreted Through Its Development

KASPAR BRANDT.- The Life of James Arminius

LINDA TELFORD-- Tudor Victims of the Reformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE LIVES AND TIMES OF THE POPES (FROM SAINT PETER TO GREGORY I THE GREAT)

PAPIAS AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES. A STUDY OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT IN THE SECOND CENTURY

HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH FROM THE APOSTOLIC AGE TO THE REFORMATION BY JAMES C. ROBERTSON

VOLUME I. A.D. 64-1517

VOLUME II. A.D. 395-814

VOLUME III. A.D 814-1046

VOLUME IV. A.D. 1046-1106

VOLUME V. A.D. 1106-1198

VOLUME VI. A. D. 1198-1303

VOLUME VII. A.D. 1303-1418

VOLUME VIII. A.D. 1418-1517

 

George Grote's History of Greece

FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE CLOSE OF THE GENERATION CONTEMPORARY WITH ALEXANDER THE GREAT.

VOLUME I. Legendary Greece: FROM THE GODS AND HEROES TO THE FOUNDATION OF THE OLIMPIC GAMES (776 BC)
VOLUME II.
VOLUME III.

THE AGE OF THE DESPOTS AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE WESTERN COLONIES

VOLUME IV.
VOLUME V.
VOLUME VI:
VOLUME VII:
VOLUME VIII.

THE SOCRATIC AGE

VOLUME IX.

FROM THE RETREAT OF THE TEN THOUSAND TO THE PEACE OF ANTALCIDAS

VOLUME X.
VOLUME XI.

B.C. 394-336. TIMOLEON THE CORINTHIAN AND PHILIPS THE MACEDON

VOLUME XII.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES

 

 
HISTORY OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
 

 

 

 

PAPERBACK

ITALY AND HER INVADERS (THOMAS HODGKIN )

 

ITALY AND HER INVADERS The Visigothic Invasion

Hunnish,Vandal and Herulian Invasions

Ostrogothic Invasion. Imperial Restoration

 

The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages.

Horace k. Mann

THE POPES UNDER THE LOMBARD RULE. PART I. St. Gregory I (the Great) to Leo III, 590-657
THE POPES UNDER THE LOMBARD RULE. PART II. 657-795

THE POPES DURING THE CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE. Leo III to Formosus A.D. 795-891

THE POPES IN THE DAYS OF FEUDAL ANARCHY. FIRST PART. A.D. 896-999

THE POPES IN THE DAYS OF FEUDAL ANARCHY. PART TWO. A.D.999-1048

THE POPES OF THE GREGORIAN RENAISSANCE. ST LEO IX TO HONORIUS II. A.D. 1049-1130
THE POPES AT THE HEIGHT OF THEIR TEMPORAL INFLUENCE. A.D. 1130-1159
THE POPES AT THE HEIGHT OF THEIR TEMPORAL INFLUENCE. A.D. 1159-1198

THE LIVES OF THE POPES IN THE EARY MIDDLE AGES

Horace Mann 

Edición Kindle : Cristo Raul (Editor)

Part One

Part Two

 

Edición Kindle 

 

PAPERBACK
George Finlay, (1799-1875), British historian and participant in the War of Greek Independence (1821-32) known principally for his histories of Greece and the Byzantine Empire.
EBOOKS

Greece Under the Romans. B.C. 146 - A.D. 716

The History of the Byzantine Empire from 765 to 1057

The History of the Byzantine Empire, from A.D. 1057 to A.D. 1453

 

Edición Kindle 

THE FOUNDATION OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE.

A HISTORY OF THE OSMANLIS UP TO THE DEATH OF BAYEZID I

(1300-1403)

 


VOLUME I.
GREECE UNDER THE ROMANS. B.C. 146 — A.D. 716


VOLUME II.
FROM A.D. 717 TO 1057

VOLUME III
FROM A.D. 1057 TO A.D. 1453


 

A History of the Popes from the Great Schism to the Sack of Rome.

A.D. 1378-1525

 

MANDELL CREIGHTON

(COMPLETE SET)

 

THE GREAT SCHISM. A.D.1378-1414

THE COUNCIL OF CONSTANCE. A.D.1414-1418.

THE PAPAL RESTORATION. A.D. 1444—1464

THE ITALIAN PRINCES. A.D. 1454-1517.

THE GERMAN REVOLT

 

EBOOK

Ludwig Pastor
THE HISTORY OF THE POPES FROM THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES. VOLUME I. 1305-1447 A.D
THE HISTORY OF THE POPES FROM THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES. VOLUME II. 1447-1458 A.D.
THE HISTORY OF THE POPES FROM THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES.VOLUME III. PIUS II, 1458-1464, A.D.
Ludwig Pastor

 

Edición Kindle

de JOHN CODMAN ROPES (Author), Cristo Raul (Editor)

 

History of India.

From the Earliest Times to the Sixth Century
From the Sixth Century B. C. to the Mohammedan Conquest, Including the Invasion of Alexander the Great
From the Mohammedan Conquest to the reign of Akbar the Great. A.D .712-1555
From the Reign of Akbar the Great to the Fall of the Moghul Empire
From the first European Settlements to the Founding of the English East India Company
The European Struggle for Indian Supremacy in the Seventeenth Century
From the Close of the Seventeenth Century to the Present Time
EBOOKS

THE HISTORY OF CHARLEMAGNE

ABELARD AND THE ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF UNIVERSITIES

EARLY HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH FROM ITS FOUNDATION TO THE END OF THE FIFTH CENTURY. VOLUME II. THE FOURTH CENTURY

THE CHRISTIAN CLERGY OF THE FIRST TEN CENTURIES. THEIR BENEFICIAL INFLUENCE ON THE EUROPEAN PROGRESS

 

A HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL POLITICAL THEORY IN THE WEST. VOLUME. II.

THE POLITICAL THEORY OF THE ROMAN LAWYERS AND CANONISTS FROM THE TENTH CENTURY TO THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY

A HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL POLITICAL THEORY IN THE WEST. VOLUME V.

THE POLITICAL THEORY OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY

A HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL POLITICAL THEORY IN THE WEST. VOL. VI.

POLITICAL THEORY FROM 1300 TO 1600

THE LIFE OF SALADIN AND THE FALL OF THE KINGDOM OF JERUSALEM

MEDIEVAL FRANCE FROM THE REIGN OF HUGUES CAPET TO THE BEGINNING OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY

LIFE AND TIMES OF FRANCESCO SFORZA, DUKE OF MILAN, WITH A PRELIMINARY SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF ITALY

THE STORY OF THE GOTHS FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE END OF THE GOTHIC DOMINION IN SPAIN

The History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic Kings

THE LIFE OF PIZARRO, with some account of his associates in the Conquest of Peru

THE RISE OF PORTUGUESE POWER IN INDIA, 1497—1550

VASCO DA GAMA AND HIS SUCCESSORS. 1460-1580

HISTORY OF ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO. A.D. 1680-1888

AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE COLONIES OF SOUTH CAROLINA AND GEORGIA

The Constitutional History of England, from the Accession of Henry VII to the Death of George II

A HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD. 1815-1910. VOLUME 1

A HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD . 1815-1910 VOLUME 2

History of the Ottoman Empire